Donnerstag, 2. Juni 2016

Erster internationaler Gipfel von moderaten islamischen Führern in Jakarta (Indonesien): Gegen islamischen Extremismus uund Djihadismus - Für ein friedvolles Miteinander weltweit

Angesichts der Bedrohung aller friedliebenden Menschen durch die Terrorakte islamistischer Gruppierungen, die für ihre Gewalttaten den Namen des Islam missbrauchen, hatte eine der weltweit größten muslimischen Organisationen die Nahdlatul Ulama (NU)  zusammen mit einigen weiteren islamischen Stiftungen und Einrichtungen zu diesem Zweck eine internationale Konfernz organisiert. Sie fand am am 9./10. Mai in der Hauptstadt Indonesiens statt.
Der südasiatische Inselstaat Indonesien ist mit etwa 240 Millionen Muslimen (!) das bevölkerungsreichste islamisch geprägte Land weltweit.
Prominente Muslime brachten zum Abschluss der Tagung mit einer Deklaration ihr Engagement zum Ausdruck, die Friedenskräfte des Islam mit allen ihnen zur Verfügung stehenden Möglichkeiten zu stärken.

Diese Informationen mit den Originaltexten wurden uns freundlicherweise übermittelt von:
Prof. Dr. Leonard Swidler, Temple University, Philadelphia, USA

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International Summit
of Moderate Islamic Leaders (ISOMIL)

Nahdlatul Ulama Declaration
Offers a Powerful Antidote to a Global Crisis

On May 9th  and 10th, 2016, the world’s largest Muslim organization—the Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), with over 50 million followers and 14,000 madrasahs — convened the first International Summit of Moderate Islamic Leaders (ISOMIL) in Jakarta, Indonesia.
This international summit gave rise to a sweeping 16-point ISOMIL Nahdlatul Ulama Declaration that provides a strategic road map, and addresses key issues required to marginalize and defeat Islamist extremism.
As the Sydney Morning Herald reported in a major story published the day before ISOMIL (“Indonesian summit to promote ‘renovated’ Islam in challenge to global jihadis”):
The summit, attended by 300 Muslim leaders from more than 30 countries, is part of NU's global campaign to promote Islam Nusantara [East Indies Islam] as an antidote to extremist ideology and jihadism.
NUs Supreme Council general secretary, Yahya Cholil Staquf, believes the event will be historic because it will discuss frankly the links between terrorism and Islam.
Yahya, whose family has produced kiai (Islamic scholars) for generations, is shocked by the argument often presented in the West that Islam has nothing to do with extremism and terrorism. He says provisions within fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) allow for slavery and executions. 
It is from these medieval interpretations of Islam that the so-called Islamic State and al-Qaeda draw justification for their actions.“If we may implement without questioning any provision of fiqh ... then we may... butcher people according to the rules of fiqh that still exist today,” Yahya says. “This is a problem.”
NU is pushing for a debate about how literal interpretations of Islamic law — relevant at the time of the Prophet Muhammad—can be revised to reflect contemporary society ...
At an event parallel to this week's NU summit, Ansor [the NU’s youth movement] will issue a declaration calling for the “renovation” of Islamic jurisprudence that discriminates against non-Muslims.
“Ansor's global unity forum will highlight the fact that elements within classical Islamic law explicitly enjoin discrimination against certain classes of human beings on the basis of religion,” says C. Holland Taylor from the LibForAll Foundation, a non-profit organisation fighting for tolerant Islam which he co-founded with former Indonesian president and NU leader Abdurrahman Wahid in 2003.
“Ansor will issue a call to ulama (Islamic scholars) to examine the problems humanity is facing  and see how they are connected to Islamic law and teachings and how these might be reconceptualised.”

Acknowledging its global significance, the Associated Press (AP) designated ISOMIL “The Big Story” of Monday, May 9. This resulted in coverage by hundreds of media outlets throughout the United States and internationally, ranging from the New York Times, Washington Post, Daily Mail and Hindustan Times to local newspapers, radio and television stations 
across the U.S.
As CNN senior correspondent Ivan Watson reported from JakartaIt begins with a prayer, and then the world’s largest Muslim organization declares ideological war on groups like ISIS and al-Qaeda. “We are like traditional opposition to supremacist Islamism. (Yahya Staquf, Nahdlatul Ulama). Here in the world’s most populous Muslim country," 
senior Indonesian clerics like Yahya Staquf argue that the global jihadi movement cannot be defeated
until world leaders and Muslims first acknowledge a basic fact. 
“We keep denying the source of the problem, namely, some elements within Islam itself.” “I don’t see any other Muslim leaders coming to Europe, standing up like a tower and saying, ‘Look, we are prepared to take this on.’”  
Terrorism expert Magnus Ranstorp (Swedish National Defense College) says these Indonesian Muslim leaders are breaking new ground by proposing to make changes to Islamic law to better fit the modern era ... “The emergency that we are having now is to protect this mass of Muslims, billions who are targeted by the propaganda of extremists. We have to find a way, to find a strategy to protect them” (Yahya Staquf).
Indonesians are proud of their tolerant, Southeast Asian version of Islam and they’re horrified by the religious wars that are tearing apart the Middle East. By sounding the alarm, these moderate Muslim leaders are trying to protect their fellow believers from descending down that nightmare path.
“Islam Nusantara emerged through the fusion of pre-existing cultures and traditions in the East Indies archipelago with [the spiritual essence of] Islam, and has a powerful,  synergetic relationship with Indonesian nationalism,” NU Chairman Kyai Haji Said Aqil Siradj told journalists at a heavily-attended press conference following the summit’s closing ceremony. 
“Conference participants reacted favorably to Islam Nusantara, even though yesterday [in the opening speech] I firmly stated that the main problem in conflict-prone Middle Eastern countries is the lack of mutual acceptance and synergy between ulama (religious scholars) and nationalists,” said Said.

The International Summit of Moderate Islamic Leaders produced an historic 16-point 
“Nahdlatul Ulama Declaration” designed to inspire mainstream Muslim opposition 
to Islamist ideology and movements, and foster societal consensus in the West 
regarding how to address the threat of radical Islam.

As The Jakarta Post reported on May 11, “Indonesia’s largest Islamic organization, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), and ulemas from 35 countries have endorsed the NU’s Jakarta Declaration, asserting the importance of disseminating peaceful Islamic values internationally to end conflicts emerging from tensions between religion and state.”

Points 1 – 3 of the ISOMIL Nahdlatul Ulama Declaration affirm that it is legally permissible, within Islam, to employ widely varying cultural and artistic modes to express and convey the essential (spiritual) teachings and values of Islam. This traditional Sunni view of Islam rejects extremist efforts to annihilate cultural diversity throughout the Muslim world, and impose a monolithic Wahhabi interpretation of Islam upon Muslims and non-Muslims alike. The Declaration encourages others to embrace “a salutary paradigm of Islam in which religion contributes to civilization, by respecting pre-existing cultures and prioritizing social harmony and peace.”
Point 4 affirms the religious legitimacy of nation states, and the virtue of patriotism—thereby rejecting the claim that Muslims have a religious obligation to establish an Islamic Caliphate, a key goal of not only jihadi movements, but also “non-violent” extremist groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood.
Point 5 rejects ISIS and al-Qaeda’s call for global conquest, and instead asserts that Islam enjoins
its adherents “to engage in the continuous development of akhlaqul karimah, or noble character 
and virtue, for it is only through akhlaqul karimah that Islam can manifest as Divine Grace for all creation.”
Point 8 identifies “specific modes of interpreting Islam (tafsir) as the most significant factor
causing the spread of religious extremism among Muslims.”
Point 9 states that “various governments in the Middle East” [viz., Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Iran]
“have deliberately nurtured religious extremism, and stimulated the spread of terrorism throughout the world.”
Point 10 identifies Islamist extremism as the primary cause of a rising tide of Islamophobia in the West.
Point 11 states that “Certain governments in the Middle East derive their political legitimacy from precisely those problematic interpretations of Islam that underlie and animate religious extremism and terror. These governments need to develop an alternate source  of political legitimacy if the world is to overcome the threat of religious extremism and terror.”
Point 12 states that “The Nahdlatul Ulama is prepared to help in this effort.”
Point 14 “urges the Indonesian government to play an active and constructive role
 in seeking a resolution to the multi-faceted conflicts raging in the Middle East,” 
in conjunction with the Nahdlatul Ulama.
Point 15 “calls upon people of goodwill of every faith and nation to join in building 
a global consensus not to politicize Islam, and to marginalize those who would exploit Islam
 in such a way as to harm others.”

Point 16 commits the Nahdlatul Ulama to “consolidate the global ahlusunnah wal jamaah (Sunni Muslim) community, in order to bring 
about a world in which Islam, and Muslims, are truly beneficent and contribute to the well-being
of all humanity.”

The ISOMIL Nahdlatul Ulama Declaration was signed by 
Kyai Haji Said Aqil Siradj, General Chairman 
of the NU Executive Board; 
Dr. Helmi Faisal Zaini, General Secretary 
of the NU Executive Board; Kyai Haji Ma’ruf Amin, 
General Chairman of the NU Supreme Council; 
and Kyai Haji Yahya Cholil Staquf, General Secretary of the NU Supreme Council.

Hier der vollständige Text der Deklaration und eine Zusammenstellung der Medienberichte - 
The full text of the ISOMIL Nahdlatul Ulama Declaration, and sample media coverage, may be viewed here.

Click here for a printable PDF version of this newsletter.

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